19 May 1998


Those present:

Mr. Jone Draumimasi, Second Secretary, representing H.E. Mr. Poseci W. Bune, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Fiji to the United Nations.

  Mrs. Hillary Harken, Counsellor, representing H.E. Mrs. Patricia Durrant, Ambassador Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations.

  Mr Walter Lisema Ralitsoele, ChargÈ d'Affaires, representing H.E. Mr. Percy Metsing

  Mangoela, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Lesotho to the United Nations.

  H.E. Professor Semakula Kiwanuka, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Uganda to

  the United Nations.

  Mr. Alexei Rogov, Counsellor, representing H.E. Mr. Sergey V. Lavrov, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations.

  Major Doctor Herbert Rader and Major Laurence Garell, Representing the Salvation Army to the United Nations.

  Mrs. Hope White Davis, President and Mr. Remy Maradona, Representing the World Association of Former United Nations Interns and Fellows to the United Nations.

  Mr. Jean-Luc PÈrez, Co-Founder of the Cercle de Réflexion, President of the Organizational Council.

  Mrs. Ho thi Kieu My, Co-Founder of the Cercle de Réflexion, Vice President of the Organizational Council.

  Mr. Jean Gazarian, Adviser to the Cercle de Réflexion.

  Mr. Bruce Boeglin, interpreter for the Cercle de Réflexion.

  The Permanent Representative of Germany and the Permanent Representative of Morocco sent their apologies: they were unable to reach the meeting place of both Commissions in time. There being no conference room available at United Nations Headquarters on 19 May 1998, the meetings were held at the Genealogical and Biographical Society of New York, 122 East 58th Street New York, N.Y. 10022.

  The Permanent Representatives of Belgium, Burnei-Darussalam, Denmark, Finland, Ghana, India, Monaco, Switzerland and Viet Nam sent their apologies, having made prior commitments. Some were attending the Meeting of Non Aligned Movement, held on the day in Bogota, Colombia. Most Permanent Representatives expressed their best wishes for the success for these meetings.




. Opening of the Meeting ( Agenda item 1)

  1.1. The Meeting was opened at 10:15 am by Mr. Pérez, President of the Organizational Council of the Cercle de Réflexion. After a few words of welcome, he declared open the Meeting of the Selection Commission of Leaders without Borders.

  1.2. Mr. Pérez briefly recalled the inception and expansion of the Cercle de Réflexion. He then thanked the members of the Commissions who were present and read the letters and messages sent in by the top officials of the United Nations who were unable to attend the meetings because of prior commitments.

  - Mrs. Gillian Sorensen, Assistant Secretary General for the External Relations, in the name of Mr. Kofi Annan, U.N. Secretary General, who asked her to relay his best wishes for success ( letter dated 16 April 1998).

  - Mr. Bernard Miyet, Under Secretary General for Peace Keeping Operations, who praised the great spirit of the project.

  - Mr. Sergio Vieira de Mello, Assistant Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, who took the full measure of the aims of the Cercle de Réflexion.

  - Mr. Kikhil Chandavarkar, UNDP's Director of External Relations ( letter dated 13 April 1998), Sir Kieran Prendergast, Under Secretary General for Political Affairs, and Mrs. Carol Bellamy, Executive Director of UNICEF, who expressed their wishes for the success of the meetings of the Cercle de Réflexion.

  2. Election of the President of the Commission ( Agenda item 2)

  Mr. Pérez put forward the name of Dr. Rader as President of the Selection Commission . Dr. rader was elected unanimously.

  3. Adoption of the Agenda by the Commission ( Agenda item 3)

  The Agenda was adopted by those present.

  4. Presentation of the Leaders without Borders and the hospital-ship "L'Humanité I " of the Cercle de Réflexion's Programme of Action.

  4.1 Mr. Pérez recalled that, as a rule, University diplomas are not mutually recognized from one country to another and that this problem impinges directly on peace keeping in the world, since intellectual protectionism often breeds intolerance. The Representatives of Lesotho, Uganda and the Russian Federation regretfully confirmed that this problem persists, while mentioning the limited diploma equivalency agreements with neigbouring countries.

  4.3. Mr. Pérez referred to the declaration of principle in Article 1 of the Charter of the Cercle de Réflexion, which affirms the universality of intelligence and talent and outlined the special 18-month training for Leaders without Borders stressing their mission as Servants of peace and Defenders of Suffering Humanity.

Participants welcomed the plan for such training. The Reprentatives of Lesotho and Uganda expressed the hope that Governments would fully intergrate Leaders without Borders into their public life, so that they may fully play their part as Messengers of Peace.

  5. Consideration of the recruitment criteria for Leaders without Borders (Agenda item 5 )

  5.1. Mr. Pérez reviewed the various criteria suggested for use in the selection od candidates for the Leaders without Borders.

  5.2. Candidacy limiting criteria related to age, sex, nationality, race, social class, political or religious opinions, directly impinging on the U.N.'s philosophy, were dismissed by the participants. With regard to the nationality criterion, however, it was agreed that only candidates from U.N. Member or Observer countries could apply.

  5.3. The health criterion, requiring each candidate to undergo a specific health check-up, was deemed essential, since it will be required in the Universities or Institutes where the candidated will do their training.

  5.4. The participants felt that the languages required for the recruitment of candidates should be the same as the official languages of the U.N.'s General Assembly. It was specified, however, that, among those languages, only those that are essential for the candidate's actual training will be called for.

  5.5. After a lengthy discussion, the participants accepted the notion of the highest level of the official national degree as a criterion for the level of studies, with the proviso that the degree should be recognized by the Government of the country and accredited.

  The participants deferred to the opinion of the Representative of Uganda on this point.

  5.6. Opinions were split on the need for selection criteria regarding the psychological and moral inclinations of the future Leaders without Borders. The participants finally agreed that it was sufficient for candidates to commit themselves to observing the U.N.'s ideals and subscribe to a Code of Conduct similar to that to which UN employees subscribed.

  5.7. At the end of the discussion, Mr. Pérez moved that all the criteria which the Commission had settled upon today be included in the Model Application for candidacy.

  6. Development of the Selection Commission for Leaders without Borders (Agenda item 6)

  6.1. In order to give effect to the international aspect of the Selection Commission, Mr.

  Pérez suggested that it should consist exclusively of Representatives of the Permanent Missions to the U.N. and that it decide on the recruitment of Leaders without Borders by majority vote, on the basis of one vote per country.

  6.2. The participants, feeling that it was indeed up to the countries themselves to choose the Leaders without Borders accepted Mr. Pérez's suggestion.

  7. Closing of the work of the Commission ( Agenda item 7)

  The President adjourned the meeting of the Commission at 11: 45 am.