held on 28 Janvier 2016 at the United Nations Headquarters - New York

Were present :

- Mr. Millogo Dié, Second Counsellor, delegated by His Excellency  Mr. Eric Tiake, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Burkina Faso to the United Nations Organization

- Rev. Fr. Roger Landry, Attaché, delegated by His Excellency Arbishop Bernardito Auza, Apostolic Nuncio, Ambassador, Permanent  Observer of  Holy See to the United Nations Organization

- His Excellency Mr. Aberrazzak Laassel, Deputy,  Permanent  Representative the Kingdom of Morocco to the United Nations Organization

- Mr. Jean-Luc Pérez, President of the  Commission on Human Duties

- Mr. Dominique David, President of the Technical Committee of the Commission on Human Duties

- Mrs. Kieu My Pérez, Secretary- General of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations

- Mr. Bruno Gareton, Promoter of the process Mobitouch

1- Welcoming address (Agenda item 1)

Mr. Jean-Luc Pérez welcomed the participants and opened the meeting at 10 :45 am. It paid immediately homage to the memory of Mr.Jean Gazarian, former Director of the General Assembly of the United Nations and Coordinator of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR ) for his life dedicated to the promotion of the United Nations and Peace, also for his role as counsellor of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations for almost twenty years.  It is specified that a special promotion of Doctorate in Peace Administration Programme  would bear his name.

Mr. Pérez  indicated that the Secretary- General of the United Nations  Ban Ki-moon and Mr. Carlos Lopes, Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa excused themselves to be unable to attend the meeting because of their  former engagements. However,  they described it as  « an  important meeting »  and  sent their  best wishes for success.

Then, Father Roger Landry was elected President of the Second Commission of the Human  Duties by acclamation.
The agenda was  adopted entirely by the President after replacing the afternoon  programme by the presentation of a special promotion Jean Gazarian at the end of the session.

2- Summary of the Commission's work ( Agenda item 2)

Mr. Pérez explained that, as mandated by the Commission on 25 June 2009 (Resolution b), he sought to propose a draft text on Human Duties including the idea "the rights and duties of man are inseparable " that already affirmed (Resolution a). He said that he had tried to identify the duties of man in the recommendations of the General Assembly of the United Nations and noticed that these duties were not clearly defined although they were in these recommendations.  After a long study, he prepared a draft on Universal Declaration of Human Duties, modeled on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948. At this moment , the question was posed on the most effective choices  and the best strategies for all States to work together on finalizing the text so it can be accepted.

3-Discussion on the relevance of a Universal Declaration of Human Duties inspired  by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights  ( Agenda item3)

 The participants finally  rejected the possibility of an establishing a Declaration of Human Duties in every States because certain duties already outlined in its constitution which had adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The representative of Morocco then suggested to retain the text prepared by Mr. President  as a working base and to form a group of States.  These States should represent this Commission, who would agree to sponsor and bring the project to the General Assembly of the United Nations, share the  points of view with other participants and manage in complying with the guidelines of Human Duties Commission on 25 June 2009 (Resolution c and d).

4-Operating mode of the Drafting Committee at the United Nations (Agenda item 4)

The representative of Morocco has proposed that this group of States would prepare a draft resolution based on the draft of Declaration of Human Duties  inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 of the United Nations , so these States could seize the General Assembly of the United  Nations to set up  a "Working Group", in calling on all Member and Observer States of the United Nations to take part in the final text;  text would be re-submitted to the General Assembly for adoption.

After discussion,  the proposal was accepted unanimously . The representatives of Burkina Faso, Morocco and the Holy See were in favor of seeking the agreements of their governments.

5- Analysis of the first Human Duty: Protection of the Earth (UN Declaration of 1 March 2006) (Agenda item 5)

The participants of the Commission have estimated that the Declaration made at the United Nations on 1 March 2006, in which stated  that "the Earth is the first heritage of humanity" and that "to protect it is the first thing of Human Duty" (see www.cercledereflexion.org the key « Declaration of Human Duties »), This complied with the actual concerns of all States after the commitments at the end of COP 21 in Paris, including the one of the Vatican with the encyclical" Laudato Si "of His Holiness Pope Francis. Thus ; this text logically has its place in the draft of Universal Declaration of Human Duties in article 3 line 2.

6-Diffusion method  of Human Duties ( Agenda item 6)

To facilitate the means of diffusion the Human Duties, the Commission on 25 June 2009 had established a Technical Committee and  appointed Mr. Dominique David to introduce a new technology to promote the content of the text that to be adopted.
Mr. Dominique David and Mr. Gareton Bruno exposed that  they were finalizing the creation of  a machine, the Mobitouch which is able to read, to understand every word spoken and to build a clean interpersonal dialogue to each user in order to spread the message of Human Duties. It provides  an interactive and personalized access to all human knowledge. They pointed out that on the basis of this process, the applications already programmed in English and French. In particular to optimize the security of the entire computer system against phishing, spams and viruses , it is disposal immediately to the United Nations agencies. Then  they  proposed to offer it to the United Nations and its agencies optimizing the security of their information and management systems. Based on the technological breakthrough, Mr. David said that the United Nations could be associated with the global promotion of this technology, acted as Master Franchisor to its Member States and  governmental agencies who would become franchisees via granted licenses and  contribute a portion of their profits to the United Nations.

The Commission took note of this suggestion and the representatives of Burkina Faso, Morocco and the Holy See proposed to submit it directly to the Secretary- General of the United Nations.

7- The special promotion "Jean Gazarian" Doctorate in Peace Administration (Agenda item 7)

Mr. Pérez recalled that the Human Duties are part of the perspective to help achieve and maintain peace in the world which is the major objective of the United Nations  and also of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations. Since 2002  the Cecle de Réflexion des Nations has put in place the programme Doctorate in Peace Administration, developed  in the heart of the United Nations  and  in 2006 the PhD in International Governance and Sustainable Development in partnership with UNITAR.

In the frame work of the Doctorate in Peace Administration, the  Cercle de réflexion des Nations would offer through UNCR University a special promotion "Jean Gazarian" to the candidates who are in course of their doctoral thesis or those already  graduated  and want to realize in parallel with their  fields  a concrete  projects for peace on the site and for their own countries.  This programme would be scored through cotutelles inter- universities (see www.cercledereflexion.org link « special Promotion Jean Gazarian »). The representatives of Burkina Faso, Morocco and the Holy See supported this initiative and said that they would inform it to the doctoral candidates of  their countries.

 8- Closing of debate (Agenda 8)

There was no more discussion. The President  warmly thanked the participants for their active participation  and closed the meeting at 13 :00 pm.

Annexed to this minute : the project of Universal Declaration of Human Duties.

Project of Cercle de Réflexion des Nations
for the Universal Declaration of Human Duties

(Inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948, article by article)

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948 (Resolution 217A -III) had allowed  a significant  progress of mankind on dignity , freedom and democracy althrough the human duties have not been clearly defined,
Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights evokes the principle of "duties towards the human community" (Article 29 al. 1), confirming on 16 December 1966 in the preambles of two International Covenants of the United Nations on civil and political rights, on  economic, social and cultural rights (2200-XXI Resolutions),

Whereas the rights and duties of man appear together in the Charter of the Organization of African Union (OAU) on 27 June 1981,  in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of 1948, in the constitutions of many States , as well as in certain resolutions and recommendations of the Assembly General of the United  Nations since its creation,

Whereas the human rights and duties, which is above the rights, are linked and inseparable

Whereas after the global financial crisis unpredictable in 2008, the world nowadays has to cope with new threats not only with the rise of extremism and the outbrust of international terrorism but also with the dramatic destruction of the planet that jeopardizes the human life on earth. Hiding  in reality a profound crisis of human behavior that  fails to the rights and also to the fundamental duties  because  no behavior  patterns are well defined yet ,

The General Assembly of the United Nations proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Duties as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these obligations , by progressive measures, national and international to secure the  recognition and universal application and effectiveness, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.


Article 1

Human beings has the same mutual duties arising from a spirit of brotherhood, from  their belongings to one human family. This spirit  must  animate and guide all human relationships.

Article 2

Everyone is bound by the same duties set forth in this declaration without distinction.

Article 3

1- Everyone has the duty to respect the life of others and avoid infringing, threatening their lives directly or indirectly, especially the survival of man on earth.
2- Earth is the first world heritage of humanity ; protect the earth is the first duty of all people. Each person shall take care of "Mother Earth Nurturing", the only shelter of man.
3- No one shall hamper the freedom and safety of others by arbitrary decisions or abuse of power. Integrity shall conduct all human relationships.

Article 4

Slavery in any forms shall be banned, as well as the domination by force to deprive of the freedom and human dignity.

Article 5

Everyone shall reject the violence in human relations and avoid causing any  physical or emotional  damages to others for any reasons.

Article 6

No one shall question the legal status of others  which  is their  profound  identities, their commitments to a country, a culture and  belief  that  make the basic characteristics of each individual.

Article 7

No one is above the law but everyone is equal before the law. Everyone has the duty to respect and submit the law, not to impose it on others or use an unlawfull discrimination since he has certain power.

Article 8

No one shall obstruct the execution of justice , independence  and equality.

Article 9

Everyone has the duty to respect the freedom of others, which is the guarantee of his own one, and  not to use any coercions to limit  or take away that freedom.

Article 10

Any trial must be just, public  and fair. It  shall be based on legal documents, legal effect and  be provided by an independent  judicial  institute.

Article 11

1- Anyone, regardless of the criminal offence , shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law.
2-  Shall not reply on the retroactive law or documents to convict.

Article 12

Everyone shall respect the privacy , intimacy  and honour of others.

Article 13

No one may be deprived of the freedom to come and go and settle in another country or be forced to leave without legitimate reasons.

Article 14

All acts of corporal or mental persecution shall be prohibited. Everyone has the rights to seek asylum in another country because people desire to live in peace.

Article 15

No one shall  be deprived of his nationality or his desire to change  because  it reflects the soul of a people in which he is an element.

Article 16

Desiring to marry freely and to found a family is the foundation of any human society. No one shall obstruct  it by force and men and women shall be equal in all fields.

Article 17

Everyone shall respect the property of others and the arbitrary confiscation is a theft.

Article 18

No one is allowed to impose by force the thought and faith on others  because it is their freedom of choice.

Article 19

Freedom of opinion and expression is the particular brand of each individual to be able to exchange with others. This diversity is the richess of humanity  and the greatness of nations.

Article 20

Freedom of peaceful assembly shall not be restricted or hampered if it takes place within a legal framework.

Article 21

1- No one shall prevent others  from directing , representing their country, accessing to public service if they meet the legal requirements, or shall question on their freedom of secret vote on the basis of free and fair elections.
2. Universal suffrage is the method of electoral system that shall  be applied in each country to express the will of the people. The voices of ethic community shall  be heard.

Article 22

Permanent solidarity and effectiveness shall inspire  the relationships between men, including the sharing and support for the poor and unfortunate people.

Article 23

No one shall be deprived  of the work that he deserves or discriminated him at work. That is a manifestation  of  human creative  forces , through this he contributes to the human works.

Article 24

Everyone who works shall have a necessary rest periods to bring effectiveness  and to develop as a human beings. Any practice of abuse must be condemned.

Article 25

Ignorance, major disaster of humanity, is the main source of conflict  between man, causing the misfortune of the people.  Everyone shall have an access to education and training according to his capacity without any limitation in order to open, through knowledge,  the path for long-lasting peace on earth.

Article 26

Everyone shall be able to express his creativity, to protect and share it freely without restriction.

Article 27

The duty of reconciliation and forgiveness shall govern all human relationships to have an harmonious and peaceful life which is the spirit of the United Nations.



Minutes of the 1st meeting of the Commission on Human Duties
held on 25 June 2009 at the United Nations Headquarters.

Click for the Japanese version

"Peace Window" Marc Chagall United Nations

As Luck would have it, the United Nations Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Development, initially scheduled on 1st July  to 3rdJuly 2009 had been set forth at the same date as the 1st meeting of the Commission on Human Duties. This coincidence has forced very high personalities to be excused from participating to this commission meeting: notably the Secretary-General to the United Nations, the Under- Secretary-General of Peace Keeping Operations, the Under-Secretary-General of Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, the High Commissioner of Human Rights, the Director for Food and Agriculture (FAO) Liaison Office with the United Nations and the Bureau Director of the European Union Counsel to the United Nations.

Also, the President of the United States of America, the President of France, the Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the United Nations, the advisor to H. M. the King of Morocco, the Mayor of New York City, the Mayor of Hiroshima, the CEO of Panasonic Corporation and the Director of the Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry of St Petersburg have asked, as well, sent apologies for being unable to attend the Commission on Human Duties owing to previous commitments.

Finally, the Permanent Representative of the Comoros, of Israel, of Nauru, of Nigeria and of Trinidad and Tobago, who had initially planned to attend the meeting, have had to join their Head of States or Head of Government on the same day.

The vast majority of these High Personalities have sent their “wishes of success” to the Human Duties Commission.

In this context, were present:

1. Ms. Francoise Beremwoudougou/K, Attache for Academic and Cultural Affairs, delegated by  H. E. Michel Kafando, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Burkina Faso to the United Nations

2. Mr. Michel Thao Chan, Executive President of the Cercle de Reflexion des Nations

3. Mr. Jean-Luc Perez, Honorary President and founder of the Cercle de Reflexion des Nations

4.Ms. Kieu My Perez, General Secretary of the Cercle de Reflexion des Nations

5. Ms. Soraya Ayouch, Manager of the PHD in Peace Administration Program at Cercle de Reflexion des Nations

6. Mr. Dominique David, Managing Director of Infopoche and Director of the Convergence Project.

7. Mr. Bruno Gareton, Director of Clearstone and Infoche Consultant

8. Mr Julian David, BDL Consultant

  1. Welcoming statement (point 1 of the Agenda)

The session is opened at 10 am by Jean-Luc Perez who, after welcoming the participants, is unanimously named President of the Commission on Human Duties.

The Commission adopts both the Agenda and the Open Letter to the United Nations Members dated April 10, 2009 which is the source of the constitution of the Commission on Human Duties.

2. Analysis of the possible consequences of the world economic chaos (point 2 of the Agenda)

The President states that he wrote for the benefit of the Commission a preliminary report labeled “For a Universal Declaration of Human Duties, articulated by decisions of the General Assembly of the United Nations”. He explains that the Duties of Mankind are already visible in the decisions of the General Assembly and that he studied resolutions of the year 2007. He adds that, already then, the General Assembly was alarmed by the lack of transparency that lead to the World Financial Crisis and by the fact that all attempts to enforce the respect of Human Rights did not succeed. He expresses his conviction that Human Duties and Rights cannot be separated.

Along these lines, Mr. Chan specifies that Human Rights are the expression of the conscience when looking towards the outside, an instrument of imbalance when they are dictated according to personal interest and that, at the opposite, the duties are the expression of a self elevated conscience looking towards the inside. He concluded by saying that “rights without duties are blind and duties without rights are crippled” and that “combining rights and duties not only balances forces, but lead to their harmony as well”. The Representative of Burkina Faso adds that “Human Duties will help elevate one self conscience to act differently”.

3. Discussion on the of “spirit of brotherhood” in the new world governance (point 3 of the Agenda)

The President proposes that the notions of “human family” and “Spirit of Brotherhood” coming from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948 became the backbone of Human Duties. After debating the subject, the Commission adopts the President’s proposal.

4. Study of the first human duty: the protection of Earth and open debate on the panorama of human duties (point 4 of the Agenda)

The President sums up his preliminary report and brings back the themes of duties mentioned by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007 and, specifically, the duty to protect and care for the earth, the duty of integrity and loyalty, the duty of solidarity and mutual help in the human family, the duty to preserve the liberty of others, the duty of justice, of tolerance and of respect of others, the duty to reconcile, to forgive and the duty to live in peace.

About the protection of Earth, Mr. Chan adds “we have to be aware that nature and humankind are one”.

In this context of unity of living things, Mr. Julian David explains that, today, it is possible to produce a natural fertilizer made of oligo elements (without any chemicals or products made by chemistry) that naturally energizes photosynthesis, favors culture growth and protect the environment because “vegetal are cared for like a human being”. This relatively inexpensive product is already listed at FIBL and will soon be available worldwide (http://www.oligoprotec.com).

The representative of Burkina Faso suggests that it is necessary to review every duty to harmonize different points of view as, for example, the notion of protection of earth and the notion of family vary from one country to another. Mr. Gareton adds that as far as the protection of the world is concerned, changes will have to come from inside.

Along these lines, the President points out the necessity, already, to keep in mind the application of the duties as they are defined.

Mr. Dominique David explains that it is now possible, with this objective in mind, to build a machine that can read and understand what it reads as humans can (htpp://www.infopoche.com and htpp://www.bing-bang.com), said machine allows anyone to learn, at his/her own pace, human knowledge, reusing his/her own words or those which make sense in his/her own culture. He adds that with this paradigm shift, the Automated Natural Language Processing will bring everyone to reconsider, individually and collectively, his/her role in the world. The goal is to make this personal tool available to everybody so that, among other things, this data processing companion can help discover and better understand, daily, how to manage duties and rights according to the environment.

The self education provided by this machine will open the mind of its user for a better tolerance and better understanding of self and others, regardless of their origin, belief or knowledge.

He explains that this machine uses a finger touch screen that will always keep its shape. This will allow usage by people who do not know how to read and would like to learn.

Relying upon new relations between behaviors and human environments, this machine is “the heritage of people and nations”. It is the finality of data processing expressed in natural language as it can process all data of human knowledge, in all languages, across all industries. He concludes by saying that “this machine belongs to all”, that it should be distributed and made available to as many people as possible and that the know-how it is made of, to contribute to world peace, must benefit all Member States of the United Nations through national licenses.

Ms. Perez makes the parallel between the usage of this machine and a “pacemaker” helping human beings to elevate their conscience. To this, Mr. Chan states that these new tools will contribute to elevate the conscience within each culture echoing with the knowledge acquired from other civilizations, for the safety and preservation of earth.

The Representative of Burkina Faso suggests that the stakes of this technological revolution at the service of human duties should be explained in person, to the government of her country.

Mr. Dominique David adds that beyond Burkina Faso, it is all of Africa that should make itself heard as, for the definition of Human Duties, there are no small or large countries, only culturally rich countries.

The commission approves the proposition from the representative of Burkina Faso.

5. Summing up (point 5 of the Agenda)

The Commission unanimously decides:

a/ To adopt the preliminary study of the President dated June 25th, 2009 and to recognize that the Human Rights and Human Duties cannot be separated.

b/ To have its President develop a first project about the Human Duties based on its preliminary study, within a month.

c/ To authorize the constitution of national committees in some countries to quickly contribute to a project of Universal Declaration of Human Duties that will be submitted to the Commission.

d/ To create a Technical Committee to promote Human Duties through the new technology and names Dominique David as President of said Committee, with mission to constitute a team to present a feasibility study to the Commission within 9 months.
e/ To gather at least 5 Member States from different continents that could conjointly request that a point be added to the General Assembly of the United Nations, regarding a project of the Universal Declaration of Human Duties in order to adopt its text.

6. Adjournment of the meeting (point 6 of the Agenda)

All points having been covered and debated, the President closes the session at 1 pm.