Held at United Nations Heaquarters on 25 June 2008


Were present

His Excellency  Mr. Augustin Nsanze, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of  Burundi to the United Nations Organization

Mr. Michelet Alouidor, Minister Counsellor, delegated  by  His Excellency  Mr. Léo Mérolès, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Haiti to the United Nations Organization

Mrs. Lila Andrianantoandro, Counsellor, delegated by His Excellency  Mr. Zina Andrianarivelo-Razafy, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Madagascar to the United Nations Organization

Mr. Sasa Ojdanic, Counsellor, delegated by His Excellency  Mr. Pavle Jevremovic, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of  Serbia to the United Nations Organization

Her Excellency Mrs. Marina Annette Valère, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Trinitad and Tobago to the United Nations Organization

Mr. Michel Thao Chan, Chairman and CEO, Founder of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations

Mr. Jean-Luc Pérez, Honorary Président, Founder of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations

Mr. Jean Gazarian, Counsellor of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations

Mrs. Soraya Ayouch, Doctor, Coordinator of the Doctorate in Peace Administration programme

 Were excused :

Mr. Inoussa Balbone, Third  Secretary, delegated by His Excellency Mr. Michel Kafando , Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Burkina Faso to the United Nations Organization

Mr. Boniface Lezona, Counsellor, delegated by His Excellency  Mr. Joseph Okio, Chargé d’affaires a.i. of  Permanent Mission of Congo to the United Nations Organization

Her Excellency Mrs. Ami Diallo , Chargée d’affaires of  Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations Organization
His Excellency  Mr. Abderrahim Ould Hadrami, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mauritania to the United Nations Organization

Mr. Eduardo R. Menez, Counsellor, delegated by His Excellency Mr. Hilario G. Davide, Jr., Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the United Nations Organization

1- Welcoming address ( agenda item 1)

Mr. Pérez opened the meeting by welcoming the present personalities . He said that the Commission received “the wishes of success” of General Secretary of the United Nations as well as of Assistant-General-Secretary  for Peace Keeping Operations of the United Nations. He indicated that the eminent personalities of the Kingdom of Morocco, His Excellency Mr. André Azoulay, Counsellor of His Majesty the King of Morocco, His Excellency  Mr. Benmokhtar Benabdellah, President of the Al Akhawayne University and Mr. Luciano Lo Celso, President of International Study Center also sent their wishes of success to the Commission.

Mr. Pérez said that the Ambassadors , Permanent Representatives of Fiji, Germany, Ireland, Jordan, Macedonia , United Kingdom and the United States of America excused themselves to be unable to attend the meeting because their former engagements. However, the Commission got their wishes of success.

Mr. Thao Chan was nominated as Chairman of the meeting unanimously. He made adopt the provisional agenda by specifying the item 4 in the Charter of the Cercle de Réflexion will be examined in priority, considering the importance of this fundamental act.

2- Definitive adpotion on the Charter of the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations
( agenda item 2)

Mr. Pérez introduced the Charter project, article by article. He pointed out that the final version and compiled Charter in its major part is a resumption of the main orientation and fundamental disposition of the provisional Charter which had been adopted at the second General Assembly held on  17 June 1997 at United Nations Headquarters . He added that the operating of principal bodies of the Charter is described in the organizational chart enclosed to document.

 In connection with Article 1, Mr. Pérez precised that only the Member States and Observers of the United Nations are members ipso facto of the Cercle de Réflexion, excluding any entity, physical or moral individual, no other than the representatives of these States.

The representative of Burundi requested an accurate detail on the concept “of international organization at governmental participation developing within the United Nations”.

Mr. Pérez answered that since the inauguration of the Cercle de Réflexion at United Nations Headquarters in 1994, a place where the organization has been developing, some governments has officially appointed their representatives in various commissions. This explained the so-called “governmental participation”. 

For the objective of the Cercle de Réflexion, Mr. Pérez recalled the letter on 18 August 2006 of His Excellency  Mr. Elie Dote, Prime Minister for the Central African Republic, described  the Cercle de Réflexion “an organization which contributes since its creation to bring closer men and  continents while strengthening the bonds to humanity around the world”.

The representative of Burundi then asked the concept of “active member” mentioned in article 2 of the Charter, Mr. Pérez replied that it is an original mechanism which supports the States, who took an active part in the development of the Cercle de Réflexion, and which explains their “right of double counting decisions”. He stressed that up to date five States are eligible for this statute and will receive their certificate of “active member”: Benin on 1 November 2004, Burkina Faso on 20 February 2002, Morocco on 5 June 2007, Niger on 23 May 2000 and Viet Nam on 1 March 2006.  He added that the reason of their admission figuring out in the joined document is  to allow other States who participated in the Commission to joint this particular status.

The provisions of article 3 mentioning no “any financial obligation” for the Member States of the Cercle de Réflexion was appreciated by the Commission’s representatives.

Mr. Pérez specified the roles of the General Assembly of the States envisaged in article 4 as  a sovereign major body in making decisions and vector of main orientations, and the Organizational Council in  article 5 carries out the decisions as it duty.

 Article 6 on legal capacity and article 7 on the logo were not the subject of any observations.

After explanations, the Charter was adopted unanimously.


3- Work of the doctorate  in Peace Administration and the nature of PhD in International Governance and Sustainable Development (agenda items 3 d 4)

Mr. Pérez said that in a letter on19 May 2

an008 of Mr. Kermal Dervis, Administrators of the UNDP showing  a “fully support the initiatives of the Cercle de Réflexion in favour of peace and sustainable development”. He explained this support came by the same vision between the UNDP and the Cercle de Réflexion, arisen in the last annual report 2007 of Mr. Dervis :  the targets of action was focused on the democratic governorship, the reduction of poverty, the prevention of the crises and the fight against the pollution of environment, and by the same analysis of the causes on unequal distributions of the  world’s richnesses and the difficulties in extirpating the roots of the conflicts after the peace agreements were done.

Mr. Pérez specified that two promotions of about thirty candidates per each one, in major part African and Asian, were selected at United Nations by the representatives of the permanent missions: promotion Dag Hammarskjold in 2002 and of promotion Sergio Vieira  De Mello in 2004,  and that the training was offered through Internet and three seminars in Paris (France) in 2004, Longview (the United States of America) in 2004 and Rabat (Morocco) in 2005.

The representatives of Haiti and the Trinity and Tobago asked why the Caribbean and South America don’t have the candidates in such promotions .  Mr. Gazarian answered that the Cercle de Réflexion invited without exception all the Member States and Observers to the United Nations in order to inform their candidates, and in fact, the African and Asian countries responded  spontaneously.  Mr. Pérez specifies that ten doctorate candidates of promotion Dag Hammarskjold were accepted to support their thesis.

In answer to the representative of Burundi on the failure of certain candidates. Mr. Thao Chan explained that there was no failure but if the candidates did not give their work in a limited time, they could not follow the current training any more. Mr. Pérez added that the tolerance of the rule and the times are so flexible that certain candidates were proposed to participate in the next promotion. It is the case of the future Ambassador of Bangladesh at Rabat.

Mr. Pérez stressed on the originality of the Doctorate in Peace Administration which diploma would be only awarded after the concrete projects of thesis were realized by the candidate themselves on the site. He indicated that the thesis in progress should propose the practical solutions to actual problems which threaten peace. He qualified these leaders for the peace as a “mine detector experts” able to defuse conflicts or potential tensions, latent or revealed. He explained the major subjects of the thesis like “Joking Relationship  in West Africa” of Burkina Faso candidate, “The traveling School of  Peace” of  Burundian,  “Memory Institution Development Initiative for South-East Europe” of   Macedonian, “The struggle against Dahalos “and “ Faithfulness of The Homeless People” of Malagasy candidate.

Representing of Madagascar underlined the accuracy in the choice of the thesis, and the solutions suggested by the Malagasy candidate, which corresponded to real threats for peace in his country. The representative of Serbia shared the same thought on the thesis of Macedonia candidate. The representative of Burundi wondered about the impact of the thesis of Burundi candidate due to the conflicts between  many ethnic groups are political and non-endemic nature.

Mrs. Ayouch presented her thesis on “The Establishment of the Doctorate in Peace Administration  to the University Al Akhawayne in Morocco” following the Cooperation Agreement signed in 2006 between the Cercle de Réflexion and this model university, which is the spearhead of  S.M. the King of Morocco Mohammed VI. Mrs. Ayouch has also insisted on the added-value of her new vision towards the world, as well as  on the competences acquired in the concrete development of the projects since she has participated in this doctorate training.

Mr. Pérez indicated that the thesis of Mrs. Kim Le named  “The  Cyclo For Peace”, carried out in Hué  City  in Vietnam and financed by an American NGO, was admirable model  for peace combining training and human dignity.
He added that the success of two promotions lead to the creation of the programme of PhD in International Governorship and Sustainable Development which was addressed exclusively to government in exercise and which would complete the sphere of activity of the Doctorate in Peace Administration training programme.

Mr. Pérez pointed our that PhD in International Governance and Sustainable Development was the subject of an General Agreement signed on 13 October 2006 in Vietnam with the Institute of the United Nations for the Formation and Research (UNITAR) and the Academic National of Public Administration (NAPA), and it should be a subject of realization.  After the presentation of this  formation programme on 1 March 2006 at United Nations Headquarters,   nine countries proposed their minister- candidates:  Afghanistan, Burundi, the Comoros, Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, the Central African Republic and Seychelles.

4- Strategy of promotion of the training programs (point 5 of about a day)

Mr. Thao Chan introduced the development plan of these programmes for peace and the world governorship. He recalled that the awakening of knowledge, the moral and the spiritual conscience of the human beings are the paths which will found a world in peace, an era of prosperity for each nation, a vital need for the man which is threatened in his existence even by the self-destruction of planet. He revealed three roots that will train the leaders of opinion and the leaders executive: the deepening of knowledge, growth of the human capital and the adaptation and the integration of competences.

Mr. Thao Chan exposed the grand outlines of the businesses plan for these two programmes. - The program of PhD in International Governance and Sustainable Development opened to Ministers, Vice-Ministers, Chief of Cabinet and Chief Executive Officers of the large companies,  envisaged a budget over 10 years of 300 million euros for an total expenditure of 963 million euros for a training 2200 minister-doctorates at the tenth year and 8450 minister-doctorates at the twentieth year. For the programme of Doctorate in Peace Administration, the budget rises over 10 years to 210 million euros for an total expenditure of 533,8 million euros, that is to say 3140 leaders of opinion were trained at the tenth year and 13440 at the twentieth year.

The total budget over 10 years required about 510 million euros, forming 22000 top leaders of a hundred countries through three centers in Asia, Arab Africa-World and Latin America.

Mr. Thao Chan specified that the thesis of Doctorate of PhD will concentrate only on the concrete projects at national governorship level, bring up to international governorship and that the achievements will condition the delivery of the Doctorate diplomas .

The representative of Burundi doubted about the effect of this formation : by promotion in two years with seminars in every two months. Mr. Thao Chan answered that an exceptional framing of each minister-candidate at  the seminars, an high-quality of the formation received, a monitoring and follow-up through  internet during the inter-sessions will enrich the international governorship and provide him the modern and powerful tools , allowing him to find practical solutions towards the problems of current, involved in globalization.

The representatives of Madagascar and Serbia welcomed this “excellent initiative” and asked if financial aid was envisaged in the budget allowing the candidates to reach these formations. Mr. Thao Chan replied that the grants has been included in provisional budget. The representative of Madagascar proposed that a co-operation should be established with the National institute attached to the Malagasy Presidency and like in other countries. The representative of Serbia shared the same opinion.  He expressed an admiration to Viet Nam and the pleasure that the agreement was signed with NAPA (Vietnam). For him it would open the way to a recognition of the doctorate diplomas at international level.
5- Summary and closure of the meeting

Mr. Thao Chan noted the support of the Commission on the development  of strategy and the steps taken in order to obtain the financing for the programmes of doctorate, and its recommendation of closer co-operation with the organizations of the United Nations like the UNITAR, the UNDP, UNESCO as well as of the official institutes in each nation like the Internal Study Center. He also noted that the definitive adoption of the Charter opened the way for the Cercle de Réflexion des Nations to submit the status of observer to the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization, basing on a request introduced by one or more countries at the Office of the Assembly.

Nothing to be disccused further after that, Mr. Thao Chan closed the meeting at 1:00 p.m.